Cultural Heritage

Working together as a community to establish a solid foundation towards independence,
community wellbeing, and cultural identity now and for future generations.

Cultural Heritage

RRKAC provides cultural heritage services to preserve, protect and promote Robe River Kuruma Country on behalf of the Robe River Kuruma people.

These services include:

  • Conducting surveys to help protect Country and sites
  • Identifying, mapping and protecting sacred sites
  • Delivering cultural awareness training
  • Undertaking projects to capture, transfer and promote traditional knowledge and wisdom
  • Implementing and monitoring activities associated with agreement compliance.

The work undertaken by cultural heritage team, to preserve and protect cultural heritage places includes both the ‘tangible’, such as archaeological sites and the ‘intangible’ such as cultural, spiritual and dreaming places.

The cultural heritage team has also explored opportunities to use traditional knowledge in a manner that both cares for RRK Country and provides a revenue stream for Traditional Owners through the Caring for Country Program. This program has seen RRK people engaged in a range of environmental management services

To assist RRK people to access the important cultural places on their traditional country, including on Yarraloola Station and Yalleen Station, Land Access Protocols have been prepared. A copy of these can be obtained by contacting the RRKAC office and speaking to the Cultural Heritage department.

RRK people seeking to visit a pastoral station must contact the relevant station manager at least 48 hours before the visit.

Yarraloola Station
Ph: 9184 5136
Redhill3@activ8.net.au

Yalleen Station
Ph: 9184 5140
yalleen@bigpond.com

Kuruma Word Lists

Weather 
Karnapukacloud
Pilarnasummer clouds/summer rain
Manturangucloud over a hill
Puntulucloud over a hill range
Kantarralight clouds
Palkarnu/yungurain
Wananguwinter rain
Purlungrain falling along a hill
Yilikujirainbow
Kanajilightning/thunder
Yirapinpalightning flash in cloud
Jitanguflood
Wiliwilicyclone
Punjatfrost
Yulayulahaze
Kawangkacold south wind
Yilkarri (Sky) 
Karruwu/yanta/yurrusun
Wilarramoon
Kinarrahalf moon
Warrilangu hazy circle around the moon
Nguku star
Pintirievening star
Thulpurra morning star
Karruwarrafalling star/meteorite
Fire 
Karlafire
Thurra firelight
Karntirri/puyuwartusmoke
Jurnpaashes
Warucharcoal
Jurntahot coals
Pitingudistant glare from fire at night
Mammals 
Mujiradingo
Jinkartji echidna
Yilharupebble mouse
Marntartkahill kangaroo
Pajarri hill kangaroo
Pajiwanarraplains kangaroo
Palkarningkaplains kangaroo
Jaarunrock wallaby
Waawurawild cattle
Yawartahorse
Kukunjarrisheep
Jijitjoey (still in pouch)
Mijiilijoey (newborn, hairless)
Reptiles and Aquatic Life 
Warlusnake
Parkumarrarock python
Pakutakarraking brown
Manjideath adder
Thawugecko
Kurrumanthugoanna
Pirriyalagoanna
Marntamirraeel
Kapifish
Ngartawiri/pingkifreshwater turtle
Jarrakanfrog
Body 
Pulhahead
Kumpaface
Ngarnkanchin
Wangkarrneck
Purtuchest
Thalarracollarbone
Jirliupper arm
Warnkulaelbow
Payilower arm
Maa/Marahand
Wuluthigh
Manguncalf
Jinafoot
Mintifinger
Manpurrknee
Jinatoe
Ngarlustomach
Yurrukunhair
Muruback
  
Muruspine
Putpushoulder
Parkarrashoulder blade
Milahip
Karlkarralower back
Kurlabuttocks
Walaleg
Nhukuankle
Yirntiforehead
Kurlkaear
Kataracheek
Nharraupper lip
Warlilower lip
Ngarrimarnthueyebrow
Thurlaeye
Nyunyurbridge of nose
Muthanose
Tharamouth

Kuruma was traditionally not a written language. Over the years, linguists and ethnographers recording the Kuruma language have used a spelling system that shows how words are supposed to sound.

The rules for pronunciation are not always the same as in English, because Kuruma had some sounds that are not used in the English language. This chart shows how letters are supposed to sound in Kuruma .

This sound chart has been taken from the Kurrama : Kurrama – English Dictionary, English – Kurrama Wordlist, Topical Wordlist and Sketch Grammar (2006) compiled by Alan Burgman and published by the Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.

Vowels
Short Vowels:
a – like ‘u’ in but
i – like ‘ i ’ in fin
u – like ‘u’ in pudding
Long Vowels:
aa – like ‘a’ in father
ii – like ‘ i ’ in marine
u u – like ‘u’ in pudding (but longer)

j – like ‘j’ in jetty, but with the middle of the tongue pulled back to the roof of the mouth

k – between the ‘k’ in kite and ‘g’ in goanna

l – like ‘l’ in love

lh – like ‘l’ in love, but with the blade of the tongue against the back of the top front teeth

ly – like ‘ lli ’ in million

m – like ‘m’ in mouse

n – like ‘n’ in night

n g – like ‘ng’ in sing

n h – like ‘n’ in night, but with the blade of the tongue against the back of the top front teeth

n y – like ‘ ny ’ in canyon

r n – like ‘n’ in night, but with the tip of the tongue curled backwards

p – between the ‘p’ in pot and the ‘b’ in box

r – like ‘r’ in rain, but with the tip of the tongue curled backwards

r r – rolling ‘r’ (not used in English, but similar to the ‘ tt ’ in butter when you say it very quickly)

s – like ‘s’ in snake

t – between the ‘t’ in tickle and the ‘d’ in dingo

t h – between ‘t’ and ‘d’, but with the blade of the tongue against the back of the top front teeth

r t – between ‘t’ and ‘d’, but with the tip of the tongue curled backwards

w – like ‘w’ in water (at the beginning of a word, w can be silent when it appears before ‘u’)

y – like ‘y’ in yellow (at the beginning of a word, y can be silent when it appears before ‘ i ’)

Please note: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website may contain images, voices or names of deceased persons in photographs, film, audio recordings or printed material.